Human Heart Transplantation

The first human heart transplant occurred in December 1967, less than two years prior to the first artificial heart transplant. It was performed by South African cardiac surgeon Dr. Christiaan Barnard at the Groote Schuur Hospital in Cape Town, South Africa. Three days later, Dr. Adrian Kantrowitz performed the world’s first pediatric heart transplant at…

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Artificial Heart: Devices and Procedures

From 1969 to September 5, 2014, 1,413 artificial hearts with 13 different designs were implanted in heart failure patients. The SynCardia temporary Total Artificial Heart (TAH) is the modern version of the well-known Jarvik-7 Total Artificial Heart that was implanted for the first time in 1982. The SynCardia TAH was approved by the U.S. Food…

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Heart Failure and Congenital Defects

Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a term used when the pumping action of the heart becomes increasingly less powerful and effective over a period of time. When this happens, blood does not move efficiently through the circulatory system and starts to back up, increasing pressure and causing fluid to leak from the capillary blood vessels….

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Devices and Surgical Procedures to Treat Heart Failure

Technology has come a long way since the first rudimentary artificial heart, invented by Dr. Domingo Liotta, was implanted in a history-making operation at St. Luke’s Hospital in Houston in April 1969. The patient, a 47-year-old man with heart failure, became the first recipient of the Liotta-Cooley Artificial Heart while waiting for a human heart…

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